Republika HRVATSKA - HR

an Overview of its History, Culture and Science

Dedicated to the memory of Gordan Lederer (1958-1991)

Dear reader,
When you meet a new friend or colleague, you are necessarily confronted with his cultural and historical background, peculiarities of his own, that are sometimes difficult to conceive. Having this in mind, we believe you will understand our wish to give you a better insight into what could be called a Croatian cultural heritage, at least in a rapid and sketchy way. The connections with other European cultures are, as you will see, deep and longstanding. We shall also try to intersperse this hypertext with some interesting facts by which Croatia is recognizable. In short, we start by describing an extremely complex and interesting entity, unique in Europe - the Republic of Croatia, or in Croatian - Republika Hrvatska (HR).

A clickable INDEX of more than 300 outstanding names in Croatian history, culture and science.

Every nation in the world has something characteristic by which it is recognizable. This is also the case with the Croats:

  1. If you wear a tie (la cravate, die Krawatte), then remember its Croatian origin.
  2. Croatian coat of arms during centuries
  3. A remarkable Address given by a Croatian Minister to those going to war, and due to its excellency translated into German, Dutch (in the Hague!), Swedish in 1778, and into Latvian in 1804.
  4. You probably use your CHEMICAL PEN (PENKALA) almost every day.
    • Well, maybe you don't know that its inventor is PENKALA.
    • Inventor of Parachute is Faust Vrancic (1551-1617).
    • The unit of magnetic induction is Tesla, named after the inventor of alternating current technology, of the three phase system, radio,...
    • Identification by fingerprints (scientific dactyloscopy) was introduced by Josip (Juan) Vucetic
    • Do you know what is MOHO-layer of the Earth?
    • Antun Lucic discovered the first major gusher in Texas in 1901.
    • Filip Wesdin (1748-1806), pioneer of European indology, author of the first Sanskrit grammar in Europe
  5. Glagolitic Script
  6. Tamburitza and folk music
  7. Sir Willam H. Hadow: Croatian composer...JOSEPH HAYDN, London, 1897
  8. Paula von Preradovic, author of verses of the Austrian national anthem

  9. Chicago Indians, Ivan Mestrovic
  10. Monument of Peace (Horsewoman), UN, Antun Agustincic
  11. Museu Krekovic, Palma de Mallorca (Krekovic portrayed Mahatma Gandhi)
  12. Pag lace (Paska cipka)

  13. Letter by Albert Einstein and Heinrich Mann

  14. The oldest blind theatre in Europe
  15. The oldest arboretum in Europe (Trsteno near Dubrovnik)
  16. The oldest maritime law in the world
  17. The oldest insurance law in Europe
  18. The first manual about Navigation in Europe
  19. The first manual about book-keeping in Europe
  20. The King of Dolls
  21. Professor Balthasar, Croatian cartoon movie character, popular worldwide
  22. The King of Chips
  23. Croatan Indians, USA
  24. The Wolf Man

  25. Zinfandel
  26. Croatian cook-book
  27. Vegeta is an original, natural, and universal condiment of unique taste. Created in 1958 in Podravka, Koprivnica, it is now used in over 40 countries, and is one of the most popular of European condiments. Evidence of the indisputable quality and originality of Vegeta is, unfortunately, the numerous attempts at copying, imitating, and illegal duplication.
  28. PLIVA is today the largest pharmaceutical company in Croatia and by sales, the largest in Central and Eastern Europe. Its best selling product is Sumamed antibiotic.
  29. Dogs: Dalmatian dog, Dubrovnik hunter, Croatian shepherd, Istrian short hair hound, Istrian coarse-haired, Posavina hound, Tornjak

International terminology:

Croatian Gallery

Recommended references and LINKS

Michel Iellatchitch, France
Igor Primoratz, Israel
Ruggero Cattaneo, Italy

All text files appearing on this web

Mirrors of this web in CROATIA and the USA

Old Croatian Letters

Written in 1992;
On this web since April 1995; Last update: January 2006

Author: (remove Y's, don't ask why)

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