Croatia - India
historical and cultural relations

Darko Zubrinic, 2020

It is interesting that the Dubrovnik merchants had their settlement in the city of Gvendolin in India in the 16th century, where they built the Church of St. Blase in 1653, which exists even today. In Goa in India there existed a strong Dubrovnik colony around the Church of St. Blase. In 1540 there arrived St. Francis Xaver on his mission to India, and later to Japan.

Croatians at Goa in India

Ivana Brlić Mažuranić: Jaša Dalmatin, potkralj Gudžerata - tekst knjige
iz povijesne rasprave Vladimira Mažuranića: "Melek Jaša Dubrovčanin u Indiji"

Filip Vezdin (Wesdin) father of European Indology

Filip Vezdin, pioneer of European indology
For more information see Filip Vezdin (in Croatian)

Mahatma Gandhi and Kristian Kreković connecting India and Croatia

Mahatma Gandhi (a detail), portrayed by Kristian Kreković in 1936,
in his atelier in Paris, during Gandhi's mediatation; source

Stjepan Radić (1871-1928) i Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Stjepan Radic with grandchildren
Stjepan Radiić with his grandchildren

Vladimir Paleček (1940-1990) Croatian humanist and founder of "Hungry Child" international fund in Croatia 1969

Vladimir Paleček handing over the keys of the ambulance car to Mother Teresa.
Father Ante Gabrić on the right. Both photos are taken at the Archbishopric building in Zagreb,
just by the Zagreb Cathedral (many thanks to Mr. Marijan Lipovac for recognizing the site).

Ante Gabric the Saint of Sundarban in India (4 web pages)

Fr. Ante Gabric, S.J. - An Apostle of the Sundarbans, Croatian missionary in Bengal, India

Mother Teresa and Croatians

Mother Teresa proclaimed a saint in 2016 and her connections with Croatia

Zvonimir Atletic photographs inspired by Mother Teresa

Zvonimir Atletic distinguished Croatian photographer

OZANA nonprofit organization for persons in need founded in 1991 in Croatia's capital Zagreb

A doll donated by Indira Gandhi to The King of Dolls (Ljeposlav Perinić) in 1968, representing an Indian bride from Madras. Another doll was donated by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, president of India, in 1965. Since 1991 the dolls are kept in the Ethnographic Museum, Zagreb.

Gift from Indira Gandhi, India

Miro Gavran, the greatest contemporary Croatian writer (translated into 41 languages, including three of India: Hindi, Kannada, Telugu):

Till 2020,  his theatre plays had 12 or 13 in India (his dramas: Kad umire glumac, Sve o ženama, Muž moje žene, Noć bogova, Lutka, Zaboravi Hollywood), and two of his books have been published in Hindu (When an Actor Dies and The Doll | Kad umire glumac i Lutka), in Jaipur. His plays were shown su Puni, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad i Jaipur.

Joseph George Hitrec (Josip Juraj Hitrec, 1912-1972) published his novel Sun of the Moon in 1948, which won Harper's Prize. Pearl Buck wrote that it is an "outstanding novel" by the author who knows and loves India. Joseph Hitrec wrote for the Saturday Review and the New York Times. A photo is preserved from India, representing Hitrec with a private secretary of a Maharaja in India, with a huge elephant behind them; see Vladimir Novak, Croatians in America, Zagreb 1919, p. 63.

Joseph Hitrec in India. Source Vladimir Novak, Croatians in America, Zagreb 2019, p. 63.

Joseph George Hitrec. Photo by Getty Images.

In Vladimir Paleček's photomonograph War on Hunger, we can find find numerous examples of humanitarian aid of the Hungry Child association (Zagreb) to Bangladesh (see [Paleček, pp. 139-140, 169-172, 193-195, 221-223, 240-241, 356]), with transportation secured among others by Air India; see [Paleček, p. 372]. A citation of Indira Gandhi appears in [Paleček, p. 177].

Monument of Mahatma Gandhi in Zagreb, park Bundek

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