Overview of History, Culture, and Science
Croatian Dream Team in Udbina 2015
Young Croatian family in beautiful national costumes, heading to the Church of Croatian Martyrs in Udbina, 2015.
The older boy is wearing a typical Lika cap.
This proud family is from the region of Zavalje in Bosnia and Herzgovina, near the town of Bihać.
Zavalje is a part of the Lika-Senj bishopric in Croatia.
Udbina in Lika, with its Church of Croatian Martyrs, above the legendary Krbava Field.
As we can see, Zavalje is in the region where the border between Croatia and B&H makes an unnatural rectangular twist at the expense of Croatia.
This twist is a result of communist manipulations in ex-Yugoslavia immediately after 1945.
Near the left upper corner of the map are the famous Plitvice Lakes. For more detials see the Google Maps.
St Paul the Apostle spent three months on the island of Mljet in Croatia
Saint Paul had shipwreck on Croatian island of Mljet, and not on Malta. This is the subject of the monumental book written in elite Latin language by Ignjat Đurđević, published in Venice in 1730. Ignjat Đurđevic was Croatian Baroque writer from the city of Dubrovnik. The island of Mljet is not far from Dubrovnik.
Until recently it was believed that the first person to identify the location of Saint Paul's shipwreck near Mljet was the father of European historigraphy, the Greek emperor and historian Constanine Porphyrogenitus (905-959) who, describing the south Dalmatian islands in his work "On Administering the Empire", wrote the following:
However, scholars have recently discovered new information in The Geography of distinguished Armenian scholar Ananias of Shirak, written between 592-636 AD, which confirms that Saint Paul stayed in Dalmatia following a shipwreck that happened on the Adriatic island of Melita (Mljet).
After Porphyrogenitus, the 16th century Italian historian of Dubrovnik (Ragusa) Serafino Razzi, Dominican and for a while Vicar of Capitular of the Ragusan Metropolitan see, claimed the same. He set forth the following:
Razzi thought that the shipwreck couldn not have taken place in Malta because Malta was situated in the African, instead of in the Adriatic Sea.
Đurđević claimed at the beginning of his book the following
It is interesting that while Malta was under the Spanish government, Đurđević was supported in his views by both English and French scholars. However, when Malta came under the English protectorate, the circumstances changed and the English writers stood up for the Maltese option. Something similar happened to the French writers when Malta was conquered by Napolen Bonaparte.
The following important scholarly book dealing with the shipwreck of St Paul on the Adriatic island of Mljet has been published in 2015:
Zlatko Pavetić (ed): The Journey of Paul the Apostle to Rome led over the Croatian Island of Mljet (Melita) / Put apostola Pavla za Rim vodio je preko hrvatskog otoka Mljeta (Melite), Proceedings of the academic conference held on Mljet (Melita) 15 October 2011 / Zbornik radova znanstvenog skupa odr\anog na Mljetu (Meliti) 15. listopada 2011., Zagreb, 2015., ISBN 978-953-58133-0-9, 356 pp, in English and Croatian, hard cover, with color photos and maps
Selected articles from the Proceedings:
Dr Miho Demović: PREFACE
Dr Miho Demović: TWO MILLENIA OF DUBROVNIK TRADITION OF SAINT PAUL'S SHIPWRECK IN THE WATERS OF CROATIAN ISLAND OF MLJET, Conclusion and Summary
Dr Miho Demović: FOLLOWING HIS SHIPWRECK, ST PAUL THE APOSTLE SAILED TO ROME ON AN ALEXANDRIAN SHIP FROM THE ANCIENT HARBOUR OF POLAČE ON MLJET IN THE YEAR 61 A. D.
Dr Miho Demović: THREE FAMOUS SHIPWRECK SURVIVORS FROM DUBROVNIK
The spine of the book represents the Mljet viper. It is probably the unique such book in the world.
For more information see St Paul the Apostle spent three months on the island of Mljet in Croatia
Nikola Tesla distinugished Croatian-American scientist and inventor
and his high-school education in Croatia
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) in his laboratory in Colorad Springs in 1899,
with the book Ruđer Bošković, a famous Croatian scientist.
Martin Sekulić (1833-1905), professor of mathematics and Physics in Rakovica (Karlovca),
in Croatia, in the High Real School which Nikola Tesla attended in the years 1870-1873.
Sekulić is probably the most important professor during entire schooling of Nikola Tesla.
His experiments enthused young Tesla for electricity and magnetism.
He was a member of the Academy of Sciences in Zagreb (in the division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics).
The working language in the High Real School (Obere Realschule) in Rakovica was German.
Rakovica was then a part of the Croatian Miliatry Frontier,
i.e., (according to the then terminology) of Kroatischen Militär-Grenze, or Hrvatska krajina, or Hrvatska Vojna krajina.
Later, the name of Hrvatsko-slavonska Vojna krajina was also used.
Some of the subjects that young Nikola Tesla listened to as a student of the VI'th grade of the (roughly, age of 16).
The source is school yearbook of the Rakovac High Real School for the period of 1872-1874.
Kroatische Sprache - Croatian language
These subjects had been described not only in German, but in Croatian langauge as well:
Hrvatski jezik - Croatian language
Here we stress that the Croatian Language was the mother tongue of Nikola Tesla. This fact is missing
in literally all biographical sources (including monographs) dealing with Nikola Tesla.
It is a well documented fact by available school yearbooks from the period of 1870-1873.
We conclude with the (duplicate of) matriculation form that Nikola Tesla earned in Rakovica in 1873:
The title page of the (duplicate of) Nikola Tesla's matriculation form, issued in Croatia's capital Zagreb in 1885..
As we can see (in the second last line), one of the subjects
Nikola Tesla's final exam was Croatian language.
Plese, see a more detiled information.
Selfportrait of young Julije Klović, 1498-1578, a famous Croatian minature painter,
kept in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Text arround the upper border:
Iulius Clouius Croatus sui ipsius effigiator Ao:aetat: 30.salut: 1528.
Iulius Clouius Croatus
With sadness we have to point at the following mistake made by the Kunshistoriches museum in Vienna:
Iulius Clouius [sic!] sui ipsius effigiator Ao:aetat: 30.salut: 1528.
i.e., Croatus has been omitted on the web page of the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
The same mistake can be seen on europeana.eu, referring to Kunshitorisches Museum as the data provider:
Noticed on 21 Jan. 2013, see JPG_kunsthistorishecs_museum, JPG_europeana.eu
The mistake at Kunsthistorisches Museum has been corrected in March 2014,
but at europeana.eu it is still not corrected (as of April 2014).
As of September 2014, europeana.eu changed its web page to the indicated address.
Also, europeana.eu changed its link from referring Kunshitorisches Museum (with corrected mistake)
to kulturpool.at, containing the same mistake.
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