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2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

1135 years since the first international recognition of Croatia,
more than 600 years before the discovery of America





Two monuments from 9th century bearing the name of Croatian prince Branimir,
carved more than 600 years before the discovery of America.

 
The first international recognition of Croatia came in 879 AD
from Pope John VIII, ie. 1135 years ago!

The Croatian Prince Branimir, 9th century, made important steps in strengthening the relations with Rome. During the solemn divine service in St. Peter's church in Rome in 879, Pope John VIII gave his blessing to the prince and the whole Croatian people, about which he informed Branimir in his letters, the first one dated on May 21, 879. This was the first time that the Croatian state was officially recognized (at that time the international legitimacy was given by the Pope), which, as we see, happened more than eleven centuries ago!

In his letter dated from 881 the Pope addressed Branimir as the "glorious prince".



A letter by Pope John VIII sent to Croatian Prince Branimir on May 21 879
with his blessing to the prince and the whole Croatian people.


More information



The earliest known explicit mention of Croatian Language

The first known explicit mention of Croatian language dates from the year 1275,
appearing as many as two dozens of times in the document called Istrian Boundaries (Istarski razvod).
As we can see, the document, written in the Croatian Glagolitic Script (and it has nearly 70 pp),
precedes the discovery of America for more than two centuries.

Istarski razvod

... I ondi gospodin Menart sluga naprid sta, i pokaza listi prave ... ke listi ondi pred nas trih nodari postaviše, keh ta gospoda izibra: jednoga latinskoga, a drugoga nimškoga, a tretoga hrvackoga, da imamo vsaki na svoj orijinal pisat, poimeno od mesta do mesta kako se niže udrži, po vsoj deželi.

hrva......ckoga

I tako mi niže imenovani nodari preda vsu tu gospodu pročtesmo kako se v njih udrži. I tako onde obe strane se sjediniše i kuntentaše i kordaše i razvodi svojimi zlamenji postaviše, i jednoj i drugoj strani pisaše listi jazikom latinskim i hrvackim, a gospoda sebi shraniše jazikom nemškim. ... itd. itd.

hrvackim

Istarski razvod, 1275-1395.: ...na Hrvatine stazi (u Istri). Vidi Acta croatica, str. 9.


Soon afterwards, in the Vinodol Code from 1288,
we can find another explicit mention of Croatian language as follows:

Jošće niedan posal ni verovan koliko na pravdi, ne buduć roćen, shraneno ako est poslan od dvora, komu poslu se govori hervatski arsal (u članku 72.).

The Vinodol Code






Selfportrait of young Julije Klović, 1498-1578, a famous Croatian minature painter,
kept in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Text arround the upper border:

Iulius Clouius Croatus sui ipsius effigiator Ao:aetat: 30.salut: 1528.


Iulius Clouius Croatus
With sadness we have to point at the following mistake made by the Kunshistoriches museum in Vienna:

Iulius Clouius [sic!] sui ipsius effigiator Ao:aetat: 30.salut: 1528.

i.e., Croatus has been omitted on the web page of the Kunsthistorisches Museum.

The same mistake can be seen on europeana.eu, referring to Kunshitorisches Museum as the data provider:


Noticed on 21 Jan. 2013, see JPG_kunsthistorishecs_museum, JPG_europeana.eu

The mistake at Kunsthistorisches Museum has been corrected in March 2014,
but at
europeana.eu it is still not corrected (as of April 2014).
As of September 2014, europeana.eu changed its web page to the indicated address.
Also, europeana.eu changed its link from referring 
Kunshitorisches Museum (with corrected mistake)
to kulturpool.at, containing the same mistake.






Croatian Coat of Arms

 

JOSIP JOVIC

and the question of free speech, freedom of thought,
and free media
in Europe

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Kristian Krekovic