Darko Zubrinic, Zagreb (2021.)

Tablica je objavljena u djelu
Ivan Berčić: Bukvar staroslovneskoga jezika glagolskimi pismeni za čitanje crkvenih knig, u Zlatnom Pragu 1862.

Neka more svak živ biti
Poljički statut, 59 b)
(vidi Poljica 2000., str 21)

There exists a significant number of Croatian Cyrillic codices, chronicles, healers' pharmacopoeias, registers of births, testaments, personal correspondence etc. Especially important is the Poljice Statute of the small Principality in the neighbourhood of Split (1440).

Zakon parvi od kneza
u ime Gospodina Boga - amen.
The Poljica statute, a famous Croatian Cyrillic legal document. This is a version from 1665, kept in the National and University Library in Zagreb. The oldest preserved version is from 1440., and it is known to have been based on even older manuscripts.

The Poljica Statute was translated from Croatian into Czech, German, Russian, Spanish and English. According to the German scholar E. Donnert (who translated the statute into German), "the statute ... belongs to the most interesting and the most abundant legal monuments of the Middle Age Europe." B.D. Grekov, a Russian scholar, claims that "there is no other Middle Age law, either Slavic or non-Slavic, providing so many opportunities to study inner social relations of village communities as the Poljica statute". See [Poljički statut, pp. 13-14].

It seems that the Poljica statute served as an inspiration for the English humanist Thomas More in writing his Utopia; see [Poljički statut, pp. 23].

Boris Papandopulo u Poljicima (Gradac kod Gata) 1983., dirigira svoju Poljičku pučku misu. Fotografija iz monografije
Nedjeljko Mihanović & Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek: Povijest društva Poljičana, Zagreb - Podstrana 2021.

Vatroslav Jagić writes that Butko the scribe (Butko pisac), who wrote the Hrvoje Missal, originated from Omiš. See [Bratulić, Hrvatska glagoljica, p. 237, footnote 6].

There is some evidence of the existence of the Croatian Bible in Poljica (Poljička Biblija); see [Bratulić, Hrvatska glagoljica, p. 242, footnote 20].

Don Frano Bulić (1846-1936), distinguished Croatian archaeologist, attended the Glagolitic school (seminarij) in the village of Preko (or Priko) near the town Omiš. See [Bratulić, Hrvatska glagoljica, p. 245]. Among other things, Don Frano Bulic is known to have discovered an important inscription on the sarcophagus of Croatian queen Jelena (10th century).

Boris Papandopulo u Poljicima (Gradac kod Gata) 1983., dirigira svoju Poljičku pučku misu. Fotografija iz monografije
Nedjeljko Mihanović & Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek: Povijest društva Poljičana, Zagreb - Podstrana 2021.

Poljička pučka misa u čast sv. Leopolda Bogdana Mandića na osnovi glagoljaškog pjevanja u Poljicima kod Splita  za četveroglasni mješoviti zbor i orgulje (kako piše na naslovnoj stranici izvorne partiture).

Here is a Croatian Cyrillic testament of R. Vladisic written in the famous fortress of Klis near Split in 1436 (transcription from 1448).

Croatian Cyrillic testament, fortress of Klis near Split, 1436

One of the most famous Franciscan monasteries is the one in Kraljeva Sutiska (or Kraljeva Sutjeska = Royal Gorge):

Kraljeva sutiska (photo by www.turizam-zdk.net)

Kraljeva sutiska

Contemporary inscription in Croatian Cyrillic, Kraljeva sutiska

An old and contemporary inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic
in Kraljeva Sutiska
(on the left: + V ime Bozje, se lezi Radovan Pribilovic, na svojoj zemlji plemenitoj, na Ricici; bih s bratom se razmenio, i ubi me Milko Bozinic, sa svojom bratijom; a brata mi isikose i ucnise vrhu mene krv nezaimitnu vrhu; Nek (zna) tko je moj mili.

Numerous manuscripts show the parallel use of the Croatian Glagolitic and Cyrillic Scripts (and also the Latin Script), thus proving that they were not opposed to each other among the Croats. One of the oldest such examples originates from Istria (St. Peter in the Wood, 12th century), where in one single word - Amen - all three Scripts are used! The coexistence and parallel use of these three Scripts - Croatian Glagolitic, Cyrillic and Latin - is a unique phenomenon in the history of European culture.

According to Croatian researcher Josip Hamm, members of the Bosnian Church (Krstyans) particularly appreciated the Glagolitic Script. Namely, all the important Bosnian Church books,

  • Nikoljsko evandjelje (Gospel), Croatian parchment Cyrillic book, copied in around 1400 from older Glagolitic original by Krstyanin Hval (the name was given according to a Serbian monastery Nikolj where the manuscript was found, the book is now held in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin),
  • Sreckovicevo evandjelje (Gospel),
  • the Manuscript of Krstyanin Hval, 1404 (copied from older Glagolitic original; held in University Library in Bologna since 18th century), the manuscript contains glagolitic letters on two places

    Manuscript of Krstyanin Hval Manuscript of Krstyanin Hval

    Hval's Manuscript, Croatian Post

  • the Manuscript of Krstyanin Radosav, 15th century (which contains three Glagolitic notes), kept in the Library of De Propaganda Fide in Rome, etc.
are based on Croatian Glagolitic Church books. For more information about Bosnian Krstyans see [Leon Petrovic].

The first printed Croatian Cyrillic book was The Book of Hours (or the Dubrovnik breviary, or Oficje) published in Venice in 1512, prepared by Franjo Ratkovic from Dubrovnik. One copy is held in Paris in Bibliothèque Nationale. There is also another copy in the Codrington Library at All Souls College, Oxford (q.14.9); it was probably part of the founding bequest of Christopher Codrington in 1710. It is, admittedly, slightly less complete than the Paris copy, lacking 19 leaves. Many thanks to prof. Ralph Cleminson (University of Portsmouth, UK) for information about the Oxford copy. The third preserved copy is kept in Washington.

In 2012 an international conference "Croatian Cyrillic Heritage" (Hrvatska ćirilična baština) has been organized by Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, on the occasion of 500 years since the first printed Croatian Cyrillic book. The book of summaries of lectures: [PDF]. Proceedings from the conference will be published.

Libro od mnozijeh razloga is an important Croatian Cyrillic handwritten miscellany from 1520, written in Dubrovnik (kept in the Archives of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb). It is based on earlier Croatian chakavian and glagolitic manuscripts. See e.g. [Zaradija Kiš and Šimić, Cvijet kreposti, pp. 67-68 and facsimiles on pp. 277-325].

Cviet od kriposti duhovni i tieslnie prikoristan svakomu virnom karstianinu koi ga šti često, translation of Fiori di virtu (Flowers of Virtue), printed in Croatian Cyrillic in Venice by Bosnian Franciscan and bishop of Skradin, fra Pavao Posilović (cc 1597- cc 1657) in 1647 and 1701. (Two copies are kept in the Library of the Croatian Academy of Sciences, and in the National and University Library, both in Zagreb.) The book was reprinted in 2002 by a German scholar Wilfried Potthoff (Bonn). See e.g. [Zaradija Kiš and Šimić, Cvijet kreposti, pp. 69].

Franciscan Museum in Ljubuški, Franciscan seals in Croatian Cyrillic

Many of the Croatian Cyrillic inscriptions are carved on tombstone monuments, called stechak.

According to the Austrian palaeographer Thorvi Eckhardt, the graphics of the Bosancica (Croatian Cyrillic) shows the greatest independence and individuality among all the national Cyrillic Scripts - Bulgarian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Serbian, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, Russian (see her monograph Die slawischen Alphabete, Studium Generale VIII, 1967, p. 467).

She was also the first scholar to indicate the political loading in discussions about the Bosanica. In recent decades Serbian authors have openly monopolized Croatian Cyrillic as an exclusively Serbian Script. For more information see [Benedikta Zelic-Bucan].

A detailed palaeographic analysis of numerous epigraphic monuments found in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, related to inscriptions written in the Croatian Cyrillic, is contained in a monograph of Vinko Grubisic: "Grafija hrvatske lapidarne cirilice", KHR, München-Barcelona, 1978. Some of the characteristics of Croatian Cyrillic are:

  • Croatian Cyrillic ligatures
    Croatian Cyrillic ligatures
    the existence of unusually many ligatures on epigraphic Croatian Cyrillic monuments, obviously under the influence of Glagolitic script;
    In the aforementioned Grubisic's book (p. 108) you will find a table of 50 interesting Cyrillic ligatures (click on left and rigth): ab (2), av (2), ai (2), al, amin', am, ao, ap, ar, al, vi, gi, gr, ez, iv, iy, in, ime, ish, jni, mc, ne, oe, oni (3) ni (3) pis, pl, pr, pa, rime, tv, tg, ti, til, ca ce, et, ma vi, am, ti mi. This is a unique characteristic of Croatian Cyrillic;
  • absence of tildes, contrary to Cyrillic scripts of other nations (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Ukrainian, Russian);
  • among all Cyrillic scripts only Croatian Cyrillic has the numerical value for CH (i.e. for chrv) equal to 1000, the same as in the Glagolitic script (see Grubisic's monograph, p. 116).

There exist many types of the Croatian Cyrillic - both carved in stone and handwritten:

We know of 18 Croatian Cyrillic texts (documents, prayers, letters) that are a part of the famous Bercic collection, held in the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg. These texts contain among others also interesting correspondence between Muslim officials in Bosnia and Croats. One of the prayers written in Croatian cyrillic ends with "Amen" written twice: first in the Glagolitic and then in Croatian Cyrillic. Here is an example, provided by the National Library of Russia:

Mahmud b. Salih, captain of Ostrovitsa and Bihach provinces.
Letter to Pavasovich, serdar of Shibenik and Skradin kapitenias (provinces in Croatia [Šibenik and Skradin are Croatian towns on the Adriatic Sea; D.Ž.). 1135 A.H./1722 – 1723 A.D. 1 f., 305 x 209 mm, paper. Coll. 67. Berchich. No. 62.
The letter is written in cursive bosanchitsa script – a variety of Cyrillic used mainly by the Catholic and Moslem population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. [Cyrillic mentioned Here is Croatian Cyrillic, while Catholic population in Bosnia is Croatian population, as well as a part of Moslem population. D.Ž.]


In the Royal Library of Stockholm (Kungliga biblioteket) there is a huge Czech book Gigas Librorum from the 13th century, which in the 14th century was in Prague. It was due to the Croatian glagolites in Prague that the Croatian glagolitic alphabet had been written on the inner part of the cover page. I express my gratitude to Mr. Zdenko Naglic, Göteborg, for this information. Here is the photo of the table of Croatian Glagolitic Script in Gigas Librorum:

One can clearly see that the table is written on a separate vellum leaflet, subsequently glued to the page of Gigas Librorum. The photo of the page of on which one can see the table of the Glagolitic Script can be seen on the internet page of the Royal Library in Stockholm. My gratitude goes to Mr. Nenad Hancic-Matejic for information about the web adress. Undersigned on the glagolitic leaflet is Opat Divich, hardly readable. The same name can be seen on the neighbouring leaflet, glued on the same page to the right, containing the table of Croatian Cyrillic, signed lisibly with the name of the same Opat Divinic. Especially interesting is the last character in the first line: it is the Croatian Glagolitic djerv!

The year near the name is indicated as 1360-1366, showing that the origin of both leaflets is related to Croatian glagolites in Prague since 1348.


See a stone fragment (1640) from Modrus in Lika, inscribed with letters in Cyrillic and Latin script.

Austrian royal envoy Jerolim Zadranin writes a letter in Croatian Cyrillic on 11 February 1543 from Constantinople to Croatian Ban (governer) Baćan and other Croatian dignitaries to be in peace with neighbouring Turks (Carski poslanik Jerolim Zadranin piše hrvatskom ćirilicom banu hrvatskom Baćanu i ostalim poglavarima 11. veljače 1543. u Carigradu, da budu u miru sa susjednim Turcima:) 

  • The first sentence reads (Prva rečenica glasi): Izveličeni i zmožna gospodo, bani Hrvacki!
  • ...da imam vam Slovinskim i Hrvackim banom pisati
  • .. ne samo za Hrvatsku ali Slovinsku zemlju
  • ...podložnikom u Požegi, Slovinie i Hrvatih

See Acta croatica, p 243.

There are legal documents written in Croatian cyrillic which mention the Croatian name, as well as the surname Harvatić derived from Croatian name (Harvat = Hrvat = Croat):

Godine 1552. tijekom ispitivanja svjedoka u vezi parnice kneza Nikole Zrinjskoga s knezom Petrom Keglevićem poradi Selca, u dokumentu pisanom hrvatskom ćirilicom, spominje se kao jedan od svjedoka Varban Harvatić. Vidi Acta croatica, str. 252.

An important leaf containing Croatian Cyrilic text written in 1543-1563, as well as (to a minor extent) Croatian Glagolitic and Latin, can be seen in the so called Klimpeh Missal (Klingenbacher Missale, printed in 1501):

Klimpuch text from 1561. Photo by the courtesy of Dr. Katharina Tyran, Austria.
On the bottom left, we have a shrt text in very nice Croatian Glagolitic quickscript:

Zdravo budi bošju

Transcription of the text into Latin script (by Dr. Katharina Tyran) is provided below. It starts with Ourfather:

Hvala samomu Bogu    :č:f:m:g:

Otče naš ki jesi na nebeseh sveti se ime tvoje pridi kraljevstvo tvoje budi volja [tvoja]
kako na nebi tako i na zemlji kruh na vsagdanji daj nam ga danas i od-
pusti nam duge naše kako i mi odpušćamo dužnikom našim i unevedi nas
u napast [na] izbavi nas od nepriazni amen

1564 Cancio de reureccione

Kristuš je gore ustal naše grehe odapral i ke je on tu ljubil sobum je je
     gore uzel kirieleišon aleluja aleluja

Bog vsamogući ustal je gore s mertvih hvalmo Bog s veseljim s veselemi
     pesnami krieleišon aleluja

Vu grobi je ležal trideset i šest or potom toga gore ustal koga je otac
     zobudil kririeleišon aleluja aleluja

Kristuš gore ustal si nam na peldu dal si ar bihmo i mi ustajali
     s tobom prebivali krielešon aleluja aleluja

Stupi doli na pakal dobre osloboditi hude ondi ostaviti velike
     muke tarpeti kririeleišona aleluja

Maria prečista nebeska si roža moli za nas gospodina svojega
     sina slatkoga krireleišon aleluja

     Finis per me Georgium Vuković de Jastrebarska 1561

Gaudet puer Inonorificabilitudinetitacionitatibus

Veseli se dite velkim počtenje jest


Zdravo budi božju            pop Juray Simanić

See also an article by Alojz Jembrih: Hrvatski zapis (1564.) Jurja Vukovića iz Jastrebarskoga u latinskom misalu župe Klimpuh [PDF], Kroatologija 2(2011)2: 44–67, where a somewhat different transcription is provided.

Croatian Protestants published The New Testament in 1563 in Urach, Germany, in two volumes (1000 copies of each):

Prvi dél No-
voga Teštamenta,
va tom su vsi četiri Evan-
gelisti i Apustolska d’jan’ja iz’
mnozih’ jazikov’ v sadašnji općeni i
razumni H’rvatski jazik’, po Antonu
Dalmatinu i Stipanu Istrijanu, s po-
moću drugih’ bratov’, verno st’l-
mačeni, i s ciruličskimi
slovi najp’rvo sada 

In the sixth line of the above title page of Vol I, we can see that the book was printed in Croatian language - Hrvatski jazik:

This is again stressed on the same page in German - Crobatische Sparch:

The books were printed in Konzul’s and Dalmatin’s Croatian-Urach Cyrillic script, see Alojz Jembrih [PDF1], [PDF2]. The whole edition was prepared by Anton Dalmatin and Stipan Istrian, as well as by other brethern. The same book was published in Croatian Glagolitic Script in 1562/63, prepared by the same persons. Reprints of these books have been published in 2008 by the Theological Faculty "Matija Vlačić Ilirik" in Zagreb, where you can find more information.

Here is an interesting monument from central Bosnia with inscription for which it is difficult to decide is it Croatian glagolitic, cyrillic, or something else:

Epigraphic monument in Bosnia with unknown script

We illustrate some of numerous very interesting monuments of Croatian Cyrillic from the Makarska area, see [fra Karlo Jurisic].

Croatian Cyrillic inscription on convent in Zaostrog from 1589
Croatian Cyrillic inscription on the church of St. Juraj in Sucuraj from 1655
Military chronicle by fra Pavle Silobodovic, Makarska, 1662
Croatian Cyrillic inscription on the church of All Saints in Zagvozd from 1644

It is interesting that in the franciscan convent in Makarska a baptismal parish register is preserved from 1664, written in Croatian Cyrillic, see [fra Karlo Jurisic, pp. 152-153]:

Baptismal parish register from franciscan convent in Makarska, in Croatian Cyrillic, 1664

In the same monograph one can find an extremely interesting example of official correspondence with Turkish officials in Herzegovina written in Croatian Cyrillic in 1498, dealing with the destiny of franciscans in Zaostrog, see [fra Karlo Jurisic, pp. 200-201].

In the town of Zagvozd behind the beautiful mountain of Biokovo one can see a lovely Catholic church of all Saints with Croatian Cyrillic inscription from 1644:

Catholic church of all Saints in Zagvozd with Croatian Cyrillic inscription from 1644 (photo by Mladen Zubrinc) Catholic church of all Saints in Zagvozd with Croatian Cyrillic inscription from 1644

Croatian Cyrillic inscription on the Catholic church of All Saints in Zagvozd from 1644

Here is a fascinating example of Three Script character of Croatian Middle Ages (that is, parallel usage of Glagolitic, Cyrillic and Latin scripts). You can see a part of the main text written in Croatian Cyrillic, and at the end, near the cross, AMEN written in Latin, Croatian Cyrillic, and Glagolitic (deeply moving text written by Bare Pifrovic in 1636, in which he thanks God for having learned these three scripts):

AMEN (near the cross) written in three scripts: Latin, Cyrillic, and Glagolitic

You can listen to the text, narrated by Stjepan Bahert, drama artist: Glagoljski zapis don Bare Pifrovica iz okolice Zadra. In 1636. Croatian glagolitic priest Bare Piforovic wrote in the Registry of Dead from the parish of Petrcane near the city of Zadar the following lines in the Croatian Cyrillic: "Ja, dom Bare Pifrovic, to pisah krvaski, curilicu i latinski..." (Me, don Bare Pifrovic, wrote this lines in Croatian, in Cyrillic and Latin...). See [Hercigonja, Glagoljaštvo i glagoljica].

In the beautiful Franciscan monastery on the islet of Visovac on Krka river there is an inscription on the grave of fra Stipan Skopljanin (+ Visovac, 1609.) in the Croatian Cyrillic:

Photo from [Bogovic and Jurisic, p. 112]

Nek se znade
ovdi leži
m.o.p.f. Sti-
pan Skoplan-
in vikario g.
biskupa bos(ne)
l(ita) n(a) 1610.


The above Croatian Cyrillic inscription can be seen inside the parish church of the village of Ravno, Eastern Herzgovina, not far from Dubrovnik. The following text is taken from www.rb-donjahercegovina.ba (follow the link for the photo):

THE TABLET IN THE CHURCH OF THE NATIVITY OF OUR LADY IN RAVNO. This tablet is set up in the Church of the Nativity of our Lady in Ravno, written in Croatian Cyrillic script (bosancica), testifying that Bosko and two men named Nikola Anrijasevic restored this Medieval church in 1579. The tablet was written by Fra. Bazilio, who calls himself "Ravjanin" (a man of Ravno) and was probably in the monastery in Slano. The Bishop blessed the church on 6th June 1579.

Original text in Croatian (line by line):

Gradi Boško
Nikola i Nik
ola Andriaš, na slavu Boga i Sv(e)te
Gospe. I Blago(slo)vi
Biskup nakon 1.
5.7.9. godina poroda
Isusova. Na s(v)e(toga) žuna.
Pisa fra Bazilio Ravnanin.

Parish church in the village of Ravno in 2007, damaged in 1991 when the Greater Serbain agression on BiH started.

Village of Ravno, Eastern Herzegovina, not far from Dubrovnik.

We provide several documents published in Croatian Cyrillic in Eastern Herzegovina, not far from Dubrovnik, see [Dubljani]:

A Croatian Cyrillic text written by inhabitants from Ravno, Dracevo, Drijenjan, Grmljan, Velican, Dubljani and other parts of Popovo, written 1688, admitting Leopold I as their protector. See [Dubljani, p. 91].

Representatives of Orahov Do, Cesljar, golubinac, Kijev Do and Belinic
sending letter to emperor Leopold I asking him for protection in 1688. See [Dubljani, p. 92].

Representatives of Ravno, Cvaljin, Velican, and Dubljani sending a letter to Leopold I in 1690. See [Dubljani, p. 94].

Dr. Marinka Šimić:

  • Jezik boljunskih natpisa, in Stolacko kulturno proljece, Godisnjak, godiste V, 2007., str. 175 - 189 (condensed version [PDF])
  • Srednjovjekovni natpisi stolackog kraja, in Stolacko kulturno proljece, Godisnjak za povijest i kulturu, godiste VII, 2009., str. 119-146
  • Jezik srednjovjekovnih kamenih natpisa iz Hercegovine, Matica hrvatska, Sarajevo 2009. (250 pp) ISBN978-9958-830-34-1

On the island of Brac there is a famous glagolitic convent of Blaca built in the 16th century:

Its interesting library keeps among others old Croatian Cyrillic manuscripts, like this one:

In fact, on the island of Brac near Split we know of six Glagolitic convents, founded by Glagolitic Catholic priests from Poljica, near the mountain of Mosor, who had to escape to the island during the Turkish onslaughts. These convents kept not only Croatian Cyrillic books, but also Croatian Glagolitic and Latin books.

An interesting remain from Draceva Luka Glagolitic eremitage, kept in the Dominican Convent in the town of Bol on the island of Brac, is a wardrobe bearing Glagolitic inscriptions describing the color of dresses of priests. Also a remain of the first Croatian printed book (incunabulum) from 1483, printed in the Glagolitic script, is kept there, originating from Draceva Luka on the island of Brac.

Croatian Glagolitic quicscript book found in a Glagolitic convent near Murvica, near famous Zlatni rat, on the island of Brač, see [Batelja, Apokalipsa u Zmajevoj Špilji]

There are several additional convents of the Poljica Glagolitic Catholic origin founded in 15.-16. st.:

  • one on the island of Čiovo: Prizidnice (on the south-east of the island),
  • one on the island of Šolta: Gospa u Borima (eastern part of the island, north of the G. Sela),
  • six on the island of Brač: except the mentioned convents of Blaca, Dračeva Luka and Zmajeva špilja (Dragon's Cave), also Dutić, Silvio i Stipančić (near the village of Murvice by the famous Zlatni rat).

Edo Pivcevic: The Poljica Statute

Croatian nobles were familiar not only with the Croatian Glagolitic Script, but also with Croatian Cyrillic. We can illustrate this with the following text signed by Petar Zrinski (1621-1671) outstanding Croatian statesman and writer. It is contained in the "Libar od Spominka" (Book of Remebrances) written by Katarina Zrinska (1625-1673).

The following book issued by the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts deals with medical recepies texts from the 18th century written in Croatian Cyrillic Script in the region of Poljica near the city of Split.

Stella Fatović-Ferenčić, Marko Pećina (eds.): Knjiga od likarije, Faksimil i obrada dviju ljekaruša pisanih hrvatskom ćirilicom, HAZU, Zagreb 2010. (facsimile and transliteration, scholarly studies by Ante Nazor, Ante Nazor J., and Marinka Šimić) ISBN 978-953-154-922-6

Acta croatica:
  • oko 1550. Oporuka Jurja Keglevića (hrvatskom ćirilicom). 251
  • 1552. Ispitivanje svjedoka o pravdi kneza Nikole Zrinjskoga s knezom Petrom Keglevićem poradi Selca (hrvatskom ćirilicom). 251 252
  • 1564.-1576. U Beču. Knez Gašpar Keglević piše svojemu otcu Petru, kako je razne poslove u Beču obavio (hrvatskom ćirilicom). 261
Some Croatian nobleman and a part of aristocracy used among others Croatian Cyrillic Script: these refer to families of Frankapan, Keglević (on Croatian north!), Peranski, Kačić, Petar Kružić, Nikola Jurišić, etc.

Museum of the town of Grude (BiH), Chronicle of fra Stjepan Vrljić from 1716, written in Croatian Cyrillic.
The first and the last sentences are the Latin Language.
In Dei Nomine Amen. ... Non nobis Domine, non nobis sed nomini tuo ad gloriam.

In the archives of the Nin Bishopric (Nin is a town at the Croatian coast, not far from the city of Zadar) the following document dating from 1723 has been discovered, written in Croatian Cyrillic Script:

The document was written by don Ivan Mišlić, a Catholic priest in Nadin, and deals with a marriage in Nadin in 1723. We provide its transliteration from Croatian Cyrillic into Latin script:

U ime Boga
Prisvitli gospodine daemo na znane vašoi milosti da se ženi Gargo sin Jurja Bušlete a uzima Anticu ženu pokoinoga Luke Arlića iz daržave prisvitloga gospodina arhibiskupa i ucinil san navišćenja kako zapovida sveta mati crikva i nije se našla nijedna zaprika koja bi mogla zabraniti svetomu matremoniju a sada pozdravla vaše prisvitlo gospodstvo.

U Nadinu na 6 maja 1723
Ponizni sluga vaše milosti don Ivan Milišić kurat od Nadina

We owe our gratitude to Mr. Ivica Glavan, University of Zadar, for sending us this interesting document.

In 2014, a monumental monograph [Kujundzic] has been published about a little known and very importyant Croatian medical book, dating from the mid 18th century. It contains as many as 1700 medical recepies, writen in Croatian Cyrilic Script (poljičica). While the original text contains 406 readable pages, the scholarly study was published in 2014 on 756 pp. This extensive and important monument of Croatian language and culture dates from about 1750, and originates probably from the region of Poljica, that is, from the region between Split and Omiš, arround the mountain of Mosor. The language of the text is close to contemporary Croatian štokavian, based on older čakavian Croatian speech. The vocabulary is ikavian: misec (mjesec - moon), bilo (bijelo - white), mliko (mlijeko - milk), liči (liječi - cure), imišaj (izmješaj - mix), cviće (cvijeće - flowers), slip (slijep - blind), vitar (vjetar - wind), medvid (medvjed - bear), odića (odjeća - clothing), svića (svijeća - candle), etc. Sources of some of the recepies are explicitly mentioned. For example, the name of distingushed Catalonian scholar Arnaldus de Villanova is mentioned in the book as Rinalod s Novog Sela (in the recepy no. 912). The name of Plinius is mentioned in 35 recepies, of Dioskurid in 25, while the name of Plato is mentioned in 17 recepies. The book has been discovered in 1920/21 in the village of Budimir near Trilj dating from around 1750, and is probably a copy of an even older book.

Prof.dr. Slavko Kovačić: Croatian Glagolitic heritage in the Split Archbishopric

Rev. Dr. Slavko Kovačić, professor of Theology at the University of Split, distinguished church historian, supplied us with the following very interesting information concerning the Croatian Cyrillic script. We express our gratitude for his permition to use the data and photos (exhibited in this section) from his lecture delivered in Zagreb in 2017, organized by the Society of Lovers of the Glagolitic Script (Scripturae Glagoliticae Amicorum Societas).

There are numerous preserved documents, written in Croatian Glatolic and Cyrillic, proving that the Glagolitic mass was served even in the Split Cathedral.

The Split Cathedral is a part of the famous Diocletian Palace

Registers of Masses delivered in the Split Cathedral:

In the middle: Don Gargo Burmetić od Zadra (from Zadar, inscribed in Glagolitic quickscript)
KAS = Kaptolski Arhiv Split (Split Chapter Archive)

In the middle - a line in the Glagaolitic, and in the fifth line from below in Croatian Cyrillic

In the middle: Don Mate Simara na ... (signature in the Glagolitic quickscript)

Rih misi Jadro Matij Iha-
ržić na mesto Šiner kano-
nika Bl... na
Glagolitic quickscript in the last three lines

Glagolitic quickscript in the three lines near the bottom

Three lines near the bottom written in Croatian Cyrillic

In the middle: Croatian Cyrillic, 1678

Several inscription in Croatian Cyrillic

Some of the documents kept in the Split Chapter:

U ime Boga amen...
U Splitu na 5. otobra 1711.
Document written in Croatian Cyrillic in Split in 1711.
KAS = Kaptolski Arhiv Split (Split Chapter Archive)

arvaski (i.e., in Croatian), appearing in the beginning of
the second-last line of the above document

A document written in Croatian Cyrillic in Poljica Principality near the city of Split

From a book of registers of the Split Cathedral, containing inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic, 1611

From a book of registers of the Split Cathedral, containing inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic, 1652

From a book of registers of the Split Cathedral, containing inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic, 1613

From a book of registers of the Split Cathedral, with inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic

From a book of registers of the Split Cathedral, containing inscriptions in Croatian Cyrillic, 1634

The Split fragment of the Glagolitic missal, dating from the 12/13th century,
according to Slavko Kovačić has been written in the Split archbishopric.

Stephan Cosmi, archbishop of Split, Salona, Dalmatia and primas of the whole of Croatia.
Stephan Cosmi is of Italian origin, and very important figure in preserving the Glagolitic tradition in Croatia.

Stipan Cosmi, archbishop of Split,
as well as of Solin, ruler of Dalmatia and of the whole Croatian Country.

Stephanus Cosmi (1629-1707), born in Venice, the Split archbishop since 1683, 
supported publishing Glagolitic church books, and helped numerous refugees exiled from
neighboring territories occupied by the Turks. He also founded the the first gymnasium
in Split in 1700, the Illyric Academy in 1703, as well as the first City Library.

The Topić glagolitic fragment found in the Split Archbishopric, kept in the Old Slavonic Institute in Zagreb.

The Zvečanj glagolitc fragment, found in Zvečanj in Poljice Principality

An illustration of Croatian Cyrillic script:

Hrvatska ćirilica - Croatian Cyrillic
August Šenoa: Seljačka buna, predgovor. Napisao Nenad Hančić, 2015.

Anto Ivić: Matične knjige Župe Ivanjska 1729.-1779. (monografija), Banja Luka - Sarajevo 2017. g., 422 str., ISBN 978 9958999192 (The Registries of the Roman Catholic Parish of Ivanjska near Banja Luka from 1729 to 1779)

Sažetak. U knjizi su prezentirane najstarije sačuvane matične knjige krštenih i umrlih župe Ivanjska od 1729. do 1779. godine. Pisane su bosanicom na hrvatskom jeziku te latinskim jezikom i pismom. To su najstarije matične knjige koje su sačuvane na prostoru današnje Bosanske Krajine. Župa Ivanjska bila je jedna od 30 katoličkih župa koje su postojale polovicom 18. stoljeća na području Apostolskog vikarijata u otomanskoj Bosni. Prostirala se na prostoru od sjevero-zapadno od Banja Luke do rijeke Save. U matičnim knjigama je zabilježeno 1311 različitih prezimena i prezimenskih inačica. Knjiga sadrži kazalo prezimena i kazalo zemljopisnih pojmova. Nakon uvoda, u prvom poglavlju knjige objašnjena je metodologija transliteracije i transkripcije teksta ovih matičnih knjiga.

Anto Ivić: Matične knjige Župe Banja Luka 1753.-1814. (monografija), Banja Luka 2017. g., 434 str., ISBN 978-9926-8145-0-2 (The Registries of the Roman Catholic Parish Banja Luka from 1753 to 1814)

Sažetak. U knjizi su prezentirane najstarije sačuvane matične knjige župe Banja Luka. Započinju 1753. godine, a pojedini svesci se završavaju 1792. (matice vjenčanih), 1793. (matice umrlih) i 1814. godine (matice krštenih). Pisane su bosanicom na hrvatskom jeziku te latinskim pismom i jezikom. Nakon demografske katastrofe u Bečkom ratu, župa Banja Luke bila je jedna od 30 katoličkih župa koje su postojale polovicom 18. stoljeća na području Apostolskog vikarijata u otomanskoj Bosni. U matičnim knjigama su zabilježena 1163 različita prezimena i prezimenske inačice. Knjiga sadrži kazalo prezimena i kazalo zemljopisnih pojmova. U predgovoru je opisana sudbina ovih matičnih knjiga u proteklih 30 godina. U prvom poglavlju knjige objašnjena je metodologija transliteracije i transkripcije ovih matičnih knjiga.

Table of Cyrillic Script sent in 1997 to D.Ž. by Benedikta Zelić Bućan (1918-2013, Split)

For more information see

  • Poljički statut, Omiš, 2019.
  • [Dubljani]
  • [Hercigonja]
  • [fra Karlo Jurisic]
  • [Kosic]
  • [Maric, Simic, Skegro]
  • Benedikta Zelić Bučan: Bosančica ili hrvatska ćirilica u srednjoj Dalmaciji, novo prošireno izdanje, izdao Državni arhiv u Splitu, kompjutorski slog Redak, Split 2000., 1-135 str. + 4 lista s tablama. Prikaz dr. don Slavka Kovačića: [PDF]
  • [Zelic-Bucan]
  • Ante Škobalj: Obredne gomile, Sveti Križ na Čiovu 1970.
  • Marko Rimac, Ivan Botica: Hrvatska ćirilica u glagoljskim matičnim knjigama zapadno od Krke, u [Galović (ed): Az grišni diak Branko pridivkom Fučić], str. 521-550
  • Ivan Kosić:
  • Milka Tica: Stećci od Zgošće do Ledinca, naklada Jurčić, Zagreb 2011.
  • Hrvatski ćirilični molitvenik iz 1512. (Croatian Cyrillic Prayer Book From 1512), with commentary of Anica Nazor, published by HAZU (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts), Matica Hrvatska, NSK (National and University Library), Zagreb, 2013, ISBN: 978-953-154-212-8
  • Ivica Vigato: Glagoljica i hrvatska ćirilica u Spisima Ninske Biskupije, Slovo Rogovsko, br. 2, 2014., str. 15-17
  • Grozdana Franov Živković:
    • Dopisivanje mletačkih i turskih vlasti u 17. st. dva pisma iz 1642. i 1643. na hrvatskoj ćirilici, Slovo Rogovsko, br. 2, 2014., str. 18-20
    • Ženidbeni spisi iz arhiva Ninske biskupije: dopisivanje župnika Slivnice  i Smiljana (Lika) na hrvatskoj ćirilici (bosanici), Slovo rogovsko, br. 3, Zadar 2015., str. 11-12.
    • Glagoljica i hrvatska ćirilica (bosanica) u Popovićima, Slovo rogovsko br. 4, Zadar 2016., 23-26.
    • Glagoljica i hrvatska ćirilica u Poličniku, Slovo Rogovsko br. 5, Zadar 2017., str. 20-27.
    • Obavijest o prošćenju podarenom od pape Benedikta Trinestoga pisana hrvatskom ćirilicom (bosanicom) iz godine 1724, Slovo rogovsko br. 6, Zadar 2018., str. 25-26.
  • Kristijan Juran:
    • Hrvatska ćirilica (bosančica) u spisima Šibenske biskupije (1), Slovo Rogovsko, br. 2, 2014., str. 57
    • --- , Marin Banović i Mihovil Šetka: Hrvatska ćirilica (bosančica) u spisima Šibenske biskupije (2), Slovo rogovsko, br. 3, Zadar 2015., str. 50-51.
    • Hrvatska ćirilica (bosanica) u  spisima Šibenske biskupije (3), Slovo rogovsko, br. 4 (2016).
    • Hrvatska ćirilica u spisima Šibenske biskupije (4), Slovo rogovsko, 2017., str. 66-67.
    • Hrvatska ćirilica u spisima Šibenske biskupije (5), Slovo rogovsko, 2018., str. 52-54.
  • Nikola Kujundžić (ed.): Velika sinjska ljekaruša, Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, HAZU, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb 2014. (description of the book: [PDF])
  • Svjetlana Olegovna VjalovaHorvatskie kirillicheskie pamjatniki XVI-XIX v. sobranija I. Berčića v Rossijskoj Nacional'noj Biblioteke (Croatian Cyrillic monouments from XVI to XIX c. from the Berčić collection in the Russian National Library), in the Russian,  Filologij 63 (2015), 223-243.
  • Ante Nazor (u suradnji s Ante Narančom): Matična knjiga vjenčanih župe Jesenice 1736. - 1830., Zagreb 2012, ISBN 978-953-7659-11-0
  • Hrvatska ćirilična baština / Croatian Cyrillic heritage [PDF] (authors: Stjepan Damjanović, Anica Nazor, Lejla Nakaš, Josip Lisac, Milica Lukić, Vera Blažević Kezić, Ivan Botica, Marko Rimac, Milko Brković, pp. 4-28), in Hrvatska revija, no. 4, Zagreb 2012.
  • [Zaradija Kiš i Šimić, Cvijet kreposti]
  • Anto Ivić, bibliografija radova (matične knjige Župe Ivanjska u BiH, Župe Banja Luka, itd.), Independent Academia

Croatian Cyrillic font "Arvatica fra Divkovic", created by Nenad Hančić in 2016

Croatian Cyrillic Script

Croatia - an overview of its History, Culture and Science